Salicylic acid is a type of beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) that is commonly used in skincare products to treat acne and spots. Salicylic acid works by exfoliating the skin and unclogging pores, which can help to prevent the formation of new spots and reduce the appearance of existing ones.
When applied topically, salicylic acid can help to:
Exfoliate the skin: Salicylic acid is a gentle exfoliant that helps to remove dead skin cells and unclog pores, which can help to prevent the formation of new spots.
Reduce inflammation: Salicylic acid has anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce redness and inflammation associated with acne and spots.
Control oil production: Salicylic acid can help to regulate sebum production, which can help to prevent the formation of new spots.
Salicylic acid is available in various forms, including cleansers, toners, spot treatments, and masks. It's important to start with a low concentration of salicylic acid and gradually work up to a higher concentration to minimize the risk of irritation.
Additionally, it's important to use sunscreen when using salicylic acid as it can make the skin more sensitive to the sun's harmful rays. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher can help to protect the skin from further damage and prevent the formation of new spots.